Important 2022 Note: The below is an old post from several years ago. In light of current geopolitical events, I would strongly suggest not traveling to Abkhazia right now. I’m leaving the post up though for those who are curious about what it was like inside Abkhazia during my visit in 2017.
So you want to travel to Abkhazia — but you’re not sure what to do, where to stay, or what to eat when you are there?
You’ve come to the right place! I visited Abkhazia in summer 2017 and put together this guide on how to make the most of your stay in Sukhumi and Gagra, the two destinations you are most likely to want to visit if you travel to Abkhazia.
The highlights of any visit to Abkhazia are its amazing natural landscapes, and the contrast with the hauntingly abandoned buildings that dot those landscapes. You’ll also find some interesting foods to try, have a chance to take a dip in the Black Sea, and receive a warm welcome as one of the few foreign visitors to Abkhazia.
If you’ve recently been to Abkhazia and have suggestions for guesthouses, restaurants, or activities to add to this article, please mention them in the comments! Things change in Abkhazia relatively quickly, and there isn’t a great deal of information on the internet, so help us keep this up to date for future travelers.
Table of Contents (click to jump ahead)
What is Abkhazia?
Abkhazia is a self-proclaimed republic on the Black Sea with a reputation for lawlessness. In 1992 and 1993, Abkhazia was the subject of a tragic war instigated by Russia that resulted in over 8,000 deaths and most of Abkhazia’s ethnically Georgian population being forced out of their homes.
Today, Abkhazia is a self-proclaimed republic. But almost the entire international community considers it to be a part of Georgia, though Georgia doesn’t have any jurisdictional control over Abkhazia. Instead, Russia serves as the occupier and functional administrator for Abkhazia today.
Getting to Abkhazia
There are two ways one can enter Abkhazia: from the Russian border in the north or from the southern boundary near Zugdidi, Georgia. Both are overland, as there are no air or sea connections at the moment. Since Georgia considers it illegal to enter through the Russian side, I only suggest going through Georgia.
To do that, you’ll want to closely follow these steps on how to go to Abkhazia over at Megan Starr’s site. It’s the best guide I’ve found on getting to Abkhazia and she keeps it updated (I used a different site and I regretted it). I recommend jumping to the bottom of the comments on that article, since things change fast and many travelers report their recent experiences there.
Traveling to Abkhazia isn’t for everyone — in fact, you should know that both the US and UK governments warn against all travel there. But in my experience, it was a journey likely to fall well within the comfort zone of most experienced travelers.
Sleeping: Where to Stay in Abkhazia
For most travelers, you’ll have to visit Sukhumi to pick up your visa. While you could just stay in Sukhumi the whole time, I suggest spending an extra night or two in Gagra.
While there are also other locations in Abkhazia, these are the main places to stay in Abkhazia. Note that the southern part of Abkhazia is where the incidents prompting the travel warnings have occurred (especially at night). Though you have to go through Gali and the south to enter Abkhazia, and you’ll get a taste of the destruction caused by the war looking out the window of your marshtrukta, for safety reasons I wouldn’t suggest hanging around the south past dusk.
Abkhazia can feel a little expensive if you are a budget traveler who has been spending your time doing the many incredible and affordable things to do in Georgia. I have only listed options that you can book in advance online, but there are also many smaller guesthouses if you are the type who prefers to simply show up and walk around (usually that’s me, but in Abkhazia I think booking in advance is sensible).
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Sukhumi Hotels and Accommodation
There are a fair number of guesthouses on the outskirts of the city. You’ll save some money by staying there, but getting around may be a bit of challenge. Both of these options are centrally located and easy to access via foot:
Budget: Sukhum City Hostel
- Cost: 1500 ruble (~25 USD) per night for a twin room
- Location: naberezhnaya Makhadzhirov 54
- Comments: The location by the waterfront is very nice, and the owner speaks English.
A little nicer: Botique Hotel Amra
- Cost: 3000 ruble (~50 USD) per night for a double room, including breakfast
- Location: Konfederatov 28 (conveniently near the visa office)
- Comments: I stayed here and loved it. It is very clean, central, and comfortable with good WiFi. The ladies at reception don’t speak much English but are friendly and willing to use Google translate. It’s more than I normally would spend, but highly recommended if you can afford it.
Gagra Hotels and Accommodation
To get to Gagra from Sukumi, I had to get a taxi to the old abandoned railway station, where marshruktas took me for 200 rouble.
Gagra is fairly small, so most places are within walking distance of the beach, restaurants, etc. I recommend staying in the northern half of the city. Note that Gagra gets so many Russian visitors (especially day trippers from nearby Sochi) that it almost feels like a tourist spot at times. Almost.
Budget: Kaffa Guesthouse
- Cost: Dorm room 300 ruble (~5 USD) or private triple 1500 ruble (~25 USD)
- Location: Apsny 35
- Comments: If you don’t mind sharing a fairly small bathroom with the other guests, this is a great place. The location is solid, just one block above the main strip and thus within walking distance of the whole town. It’s clean and comfortable. There is a nice patio area to meet other guests, a kitchen, and a washing machine to do laundry. And the owner is an extremely friendly woman who speaks a bit of English. I stayed here and highly recommend it.
A little nicer: Travel Hotel
- Cost: Double room 4,000 ruble (~68 USD) per night
- Location: Ulitsa Sosnalieva former Abazgaa 11А (close to the beach)
- Comments: This hotel seems to cater to Russian middle class tourists, but is a nicer place to stay if you prefer to live in comfort.
Activities: What to do in Abkhazia
The main attractions in Abkhazia are the gorgeous landscapes and, by contrast, the many hauntingly abandoned buildings. You can check out my post, Abkhazia in Pictures, for a photographic sense of what you can see there.
1. Visit Lake Ritsa and Surrounding Nature
The top attraction in Abkhazia, by far, is Lake Ritsa. And for good reason. This stunning mountain lake used to be a summertime retreat for top Soviet officials. Stalin himself even had a summer home here.
The easiest way to visit Lake Ritsa is as part of one of the many organized tours that leave from Sukhumi and Gagra. There are a small handful of companies that have websites, but I can’t honestly recommend any of them as their advertised prices are WAY higher than what you’ll pay if you book in person at one of the many stalls along the waterfront in Sukhumi or on the main road in Gagra. I paid about 900 rubles (16 USD) for a seat on a tour bus from Gagra.
So my suggestion is to simply look for one of the many touts with signs advertising Lake Ritsa (as well as a number of other trips) and book directly with them. This is really easy to do in Gagra, as there are a ton of buses passing through that carry visitors from Sochi. There are less options from Sukhumi but you should find some choices if you keep an eye out along the boardwalk.
The gorgeous drive up to Lake Ritsa is a big part of the reason for visiting as well. It is lined with many pull-over points to view waterfalls, forests, a bee-keeping farm, and a small but really clear “Blue Lake.” The tour buses make stops all along the way. The entire round-trip tour from Gagra takes about 7 hours, a bit more from Sukhumi.
The route is plied heavily by tourists buses carrying visitors from Sochi, so don’t expect to have the nature to yourself unless you hire a private driver and hike to get away from the major stops. But that does mean the journey is very safe and comfortable. Overall, it’s a day trip that’s well worth it!
2. Explore Abandoned Buildings
Abkhazia is filled with abandoned buildings of every sort, hauntingly sad reminders of Abkhazia’s history. It is of course important exercise caution when entering these buildings. But many are relatively open and easy to explore. It makes for some interesting photos (and reminded me of what I experienced when visiting Chernobyl).
In Sukhumi, there is a partially-abandoned pier (there is now a restaurant on top) located near the Hotel Abkhazia.
In Gagra, there is a fascinating abandoned disco located on Ardzinba Prospekt street, approximately near the intersection with Sukhumskaya ulitsa (note: if someone gets an exact address, please let me know!). Inside you’ll find an empty stage, a broken piano, and leftover theater seats.
There is also an abandoned train station located just north of Kafe Ritstsa on Ardzinba Prospekt street (across from the monument). This is probably the safest abandoned building to photograph, since there are many people around and much of it is open-air.
There are a lot of other abandoned buildings almost everywhere in Abkhazia, but just be careful when entering them!
3. Go to the Beach!
Before the war, Abkhazia — and Gagra especially — used to be a major beach holiday destination. The pebble beaches are very similar to the ones in Batumi, but not nearly as developed. Many Russian families come down for the day from Sochi to sun themselves on the pebbles or take a dip in the Black Sea. There is no sand to be had, but the water is a nice temperature!
4. Visit New Athos
After Sukhumi and Gagra, probably the next most popular destination in Abkhazia would be New Athos, an ancient town located midway between Sukhumi and Gagra. You can visit as part of an easy day trip from either place, or you could stay overnight if you wish. You can take a marshrutka and do it independently or join an organized tour.
The main site here is a pretty monastery dating from 1875. You can also visit Anakopia fortress, a thousand-year-old structure high on a hillside with some nice views.
Lastly, there are some small caves that you can enter for 50 ruble. I didn’t visit these, but for what it’s worth my Russian friends were underwhelmed by them.
5. Go to the Deepest Cave in the World
Abkahzia is home to the deepest known cave in the world, Krubera Cave. It is possible to visit as part of an organized trip from Gagra, where I saw a number of touts advertising this. But I didn’t actually go myself, so I don’t know a lot about it. But you can find stunning photos of the cave taken by some serious spelunkers here.
If you visit, please report back in the comments so we can update this!
6. Make Some Friends!
Abkahzia doesn’t get many tourists, and the ones that it does get come almost entirely from Russia. I found that both the locals and the Russian tourists were absolutely fascinated to meet an American there.
Even though English isn’t widely spoken and my Russian is virtually non-existent, I had so many incredible conversations with people who were eager to talk with me. And I’m still in touch with the awesome Russians I met on my tour from Lake Ritsa (they even helped me put together some of the information in this guide). So don’t be shy when you inevitably notice folks staring at you — they probably would love to talk to you!
Food: What and Where to Eat in Abkhazia
Abkhazian cuisine is similar to Georgian food, though with its own regional flare. Meat-eaters will be pleased by the abundance of chicken and fish, but as a vegetarian, I was pleasantly surprised at the options available.
Interesting Abkhazian foods to try:
- Achma – a delicious cheese bread very similar to my favorite Georgian food, khachapuri.
- Achapa – this is kinda of like a cooked walnut salad of sorts. Very interesting textures!
- Abysta (mamalyga) – this is a cornmeal based dish used as a base for many plates. It more or less reminds me of polenta.
- Adjika – a pepper-based condiment that is very popular and a must-try in Abkhazia.
- Atshadzyua – a honey-based spirit that packs a kick. I didn’t exactly love it, but give it a shot!
- Kavkazskaya Kukhnya / Кавказская кухня (Ardzinba Prospekt, Gagra, just north of the abandoned train station) – a really excellent mid-ranged cafe serving Abkhazian food. There is a nice covered patio for sitting outside.
- Kafe Ritstsa (Ardzinba Prospekt, Gagra just south of abandoned train station) – this cafe has a great patio with views over the pebble beach. A nice place to hang out with decent WiFi if you need it.
- Lodochka (Ardzinba Ave. 203, Gagra) – a canteen where you can find Russian and local cuisine on offer for cheap.
- Leon (Chitanev 6, Sukhumi) – a nicer restaurant serving pasta and other Western food in Sukhumi. It’s attached to the high-end Leon hotel and it’s relaxed bar and patio is the closest thing to nightlife you’ll find in Sukhumi.
In addition to the above, you’ll find many interesting street stalls and bakeries along the main streets in Sukhumi and Gagra. Modern western restaurants are starting to pop up everywhere as well, so you won’t be at want of quality food options in Abkhazia.
How to Get a Local SIM Card in Abkhazia
Since it can be easy to get turned around in Abkhazia, and since English isn’t widely spoken, it’s enormously helpful to have a local SIM card so that you can look things up on the internet, use Google translate, etc.
Fortunately, it’s really easy to get one. There is a new store in Sukhumi at 55 Aiaaira Avenue where you can get a local SIM card with solid data coverage for just 500 ruble. The women working inside were really helpful and even spoke pretty good English.
Since it is just around the corner from the consulate, where you have to go to get your visa anyway, I strongly suggest taking a few extra minutes to get a local SIM card if you have a phone that supports it.
Other Tips for Traveling to Abkhazia
- Be aware of the political controversy surrounding Abkhazia. It’s been the subject of pretty serious tragedies thanks to Russia’s imperialist invasion.
- You can take marshrutkas to get around between most places. Before going, I suggest that you write down or screenshot the Cyrillic words for the four major marshrukta destinations:
- Ingur – Ингур
Gali – Гал
Sukhumi – Сухум
Gagra – Гагра
- Ingur – Ингур
Final Thoughts about Travel to Abkhazia
Abkhazia is one of the most fascinating I’ve ever visited. It’s gorgeous, friendly, and hauntingly tragic all at the same time. While the safety concerns are real and worth heading, in my experience I felt perfectly comfortable and safe once I was in the north. While it isn’t for every traveler, I really enjoyed Abkhazia.
For more information on Abkhazia, check out my post on Abkhazia in pictures.
And if you’re journey is also taking you through the country of Georgia, be sure to check out my complete Georgia Travel Guide.
Have you gone to Abkhazia? Let us know if you have any additions to the above information so we can keep this up to date for future travelers!
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